Unit Tests - Stubbing PLATFORM_ID

How to verify your application behavior in different environments? In this lesson you will get to know how you can stub the PLATFORM_ID injection token and HTTP request, for tests purpose.


Let's start by testing I18nService. As you may recall, this service determines the user's language and prints currency in the corresponding format. It injects the PLATFORM_ID token from the @angular/core library. The token is used in the isPlatformBrowser() method, determining if the code executes on the server or in the browser.

Create a new file, src/app/i18n.service.spec.ts, then import TestBed and I18nService:


The value held by the variable identified with the PLATFORM_ID token is a string. That string has the value browser or server depending on where code executes. You can stub it as a variable reference. Add the following code to the test file:

Stubbing the window object#

Set up the variables that you are going to use in test expectations:

Next, set up the spec using Jasmine's describe() and beforeEach() methods:

The code above introduces a mechanism that changes the value of window.navigator.language to the value of the windowLanguage variable before each test.

You can now provide the PLATFORM_ID token with the TestBed.configureTestingModule() method:

The last step in beforeEach() is to inject the service that you are going to test:


This page is a preview of The newline Guide to Angular Universal

Start a new discussion. All notification go to the author.